IT Portfolio Management

Published in October 2002

At any given time most Fortune 500 companies have dozens of information technology (IT) projects occurring simultaneously. In fact Fortune 50 and large government organizations may have hundreds of
IT initiatives taking place in a single calendar year. On average, companies spend approximately 5.5% of their total revenues on IT related activities. For a billion dollar company this amounts to
$55 million per year. Unfortunately the majority of these companies do a very poor job of managing their IT assets.

Over the years I have had the opportunity to perform over a dozen data warehousing assessments. During these assessments I always ask the client how much do they spend on data warehousing. The
majority of companies cannot give a relatively good estimate on what they actually spend. In order to manage these costly IT initiatives it is critical to measure each one of them. However, it is
impossible to measure them when most companies do not understand them (see the figure below). Enter IT Portfolio Management.


Figure 1: How To Manage

IT Portfolio Management

IT portfolio management is the term that describes the formal process for managing IT projects, software, hardware, middleware, internal staffing and external consulting. Like every newer
discipline, many companies that have started their IT portfolio management efforts have not done so correctly. I would like to list out some of the keys to building successful IT portfolio
management applications.

First, IT portfolio management must be integrated into a corporation’s meta data repository application. The information that portfolio management targets is meta data (both business and
technical) and, as such needs to be stored in the repository. The repository will allow the corporation to aggregate the portfolio information into an executive view. Also it can publish the
information to a website so that front-line IT staff can see the status of other projects. This will greatly aid their project timelines and planning. Also, this IT portfolio information should be
directly linked to the more granular business and technical meta data to allow developers to understand what IT projects are underway, what technology are these projects implementing and what data
sources are they accessing. In my experience, almost every large company has a great deal of duplicate IT effort occurring. This happens because the information (IT portfolio related meta data) is
not accessible. At EWS we have a couple of large clients whose only goal is to remove these tremendous redundancies, which translates into tremendous initial and ongoing IT costs.

Second, a good portfolio management system has a business and a technical component. In most cases the business component is more complicated than the technical. For example, project managers will
need to communicate their projects funding, status, technology, etc. to a group responsible for the portfolio management application. The meta data in the portfolio application is only as good as
the information that these managers provide. It is critical to integrate the IT portfolio application into the a company’s IT spending procurement procedures.

Third, these efforts require the support of executive management. Executive management involvement is imperative in breaking down the barriers and the “ivory towers” that exist in all
of our companies. Do not underestimate the obstacle that these political challenges present.

Fourth, IT portfolio management efforts will take time to fully implement; however, it is important to do so in an iterative fashion. It is best to target specific areas of need within a
corporation (staffing, system redundancy, technology redundancy, etc.) and look to provide value in the first 6 – 9 months of a project.

Every day companies are asking their IT departments to do more with less. We can no longer afford the extreme application, data, process, and technology redundancies that exist in all of our

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David Marco

David Marco

Mr. Marco is an internationally recognized expert in the fields of enterprise architecture, data warehousing and business intelligence, and is the world’s foremost authority on metadata.  Mr. Marco is the author of several widely acclaimed books including “Universal Meta Data Models” and “Building and Managing the Meta Data Repository: A Full Life-Cycle Guide”.  Mr. Marco has taught at the University of Chicago, DePaul University, and in 2004 he was selected to the prestigious Crain’s Chicago Business "Top 40 Under 40". He is the founder and President of EWSolutions, a GSA schedule and Chicago-headquartered strategic partner and systems integrator dedicated to providing companies and large government agencies with best-in-class business intelligence solutions using data warehousing, enterprise architecture and managed metadata environment technologies (

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